Software and Tools

In order to assist the NCAR/UCAR Community Programs (UCP) community to work with our digital assets more efficiently and effectively, there are additional resources beyond DASH that could be leveraged.

The following tables provide overviews to some of the common software and tools in specific areas:


Table 1: Policies and Standards

Name and URL Description
ISO 19115 Metadata Schema ISO 19115 defines the metadata schema required for describing geographic information and services. It provides information about the identification, the extent, the quality, the spatial and temporal aspects, the content, the spatial reference, the portrayal, distribution, and other properties of digital geographic data and services.
DataCite Metadata Schema The DataCite Metadata Schema is a list of core metadata properties chosen for an accurate and consistent identification of a resource for citation and retrieval purposes, along with recommended use instructions.
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Table 2: Collaboration

Name and URL Description
Jupyter Notebook The Jupyter Notebook is a web application that allows you to create and share documents that contain live code, equations, visualizations and explanatory text.
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Table 3: Management

Name and URL Description
DMPTool The DMPTool is an online application that provides general and institutional resources that can help in create data management plans. The DMPTool is also set up so that it goes through step-by-step the process of generating a plan for specific DMP requirements.
UCP Unidata Data Management Resource Center Through this online resource center, Unidata aims to provide information about evolving data management requirements, techniques, and tools.
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Table 4: File Types, Processing, Analysis, Visualization

Name and URL Description
Overview: Climate Data Processing This is a page from the Climate Data Guide, and the page provides information regarding the following four sections:
  1. Climate Data Processing Software
  2. Statistical & Diagnostic Methods Overview
  3. Regridding Overview
  4. Common Climate Data Formats: Overview
Binary This is a page from the Climate Data Guide, and the page provides an explanation of binary files.
GRIB This is a page from the Climate Data Guide, and the page provides an explanation of the GRIB (GRIdded Binary) file format, which is the format used by all the world's operational weather center.
HDF This is a page from the Climate Data Guide, and the page provides an explanation of HDF (Hierarchical Data Format) file format, including both HDF4 and HDF5.
netCDF This is a page from the Climate Data Guide, and the page provides an explanation of netCDF (Network Common Data Form) file format, which is typically used to facilitate access to array oriented scientific data.
Text (ASCII) This is a page from the Climate Data Guide, and the page provides an explanation of text files in ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) formats.
Web Based Visualization and Processing for Climate and Weather This is a page from the Climate Data Guide, and the page provides links to the following tools from organizations outside of UCAR/NCAR community:
  1. Earth System Research Laboratory
  2. Climate Explorer
  3. ClimateReanalyzer
  4. Giovanni
  5. Panoply
Software from Unidata This is a page from UCP Unidata, and the page provides access to Unidata's software tools.
R R is a free language and environment that is commonly used for statistical computing and graphics.
Matlab MATLAB is a matrix-based language that is typically used to express computational mathematics. Similar to R, Matlab has built-in graphics capability that makes it easy to visualize engineering and scientific data.
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Table 5: Citation

Name and URL Description
Data Citations within NCAR/UCP The paper describes how citations to NCAR/UCP digital resources could make our research products more accessible, and provides a number of recommendations for creating citations and assigning web-accessible identifiers to digital resources. This paper is the product of an inter-divisional working group created to study, promote, and implement citations to NCAR/UCP digital resources.
Data Citation Guidelines for Data Providers and Archives from ESIP Guidelines from the Federation of Earth Science Information Partners (ESIP) regarding how to create a data citation that is specific to Earth science data.
Data Archiving and Citation from the AMS Recommended citation practices and examples provided by the American Meteorological Society (AMS).
How to Cite Datasets and Link to Publications from DCC Cross-disciplinary data citation guide from the Digital Curation Centre (DCC) in the UK.
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